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  • 标题:农村育龄人群艾滋病性风险行为的心理认知机制
  • 其他标题:The Cognitive Psychological Mechanism of HIV Sexual Risk Behavior of Child-bearing Age People in Rural China
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:刘慧君
  • 期刊名称:Advances in Psychology
  • 印刷版ISSN:2160-7273
  • 电子版ISSN:2160-7281
  • 出版年度:2011
  • 卷号:01
  • 期号:01
  • 页码:71-76
  • DOI:10.12677/ap.2011.12011
  • 出版社:Hans Publishers
  • 摘要:利用计划行为理论和信息-动机-行为技能模型,对农村育龄人群性风险行为产生的心理机制进行研究,并比较了模型的跨文化效度。结果发现,⑴两个模型都能很好地拟合数据,且更好地揭示了女性HIV性风险行为产生的心理机制,但前者能解释更大比例的方差变异;⑵主观规范和预防知识是决定艾滋病性风险行为选择的关键因素,其影响机制不存在性别差异;⑶预防技能、预防态度和感知风险的解释力较弱,且影响机制存在显著性别差异。
  • 其他摘要:Using the theory of planned behavior and information –motivation-behavior skill model, this paper explored the cognitive psychological mechanism of HIV Sexual risk behavior and compared the cross-cultural validity of two models. The result indicates that: ⑴both model have good data fitness, especially explained women’s sexual risk behavior perfectly. However the first model can explains a larger proportion of variance. ⑵subjective norm and HIV preventive knowledge are key decision-making factors of HIV sexual risk behavior; whose influencing mechanisms are consistent between men and women; ⑶there are weak explaining power for preventive skill, preventive attitudes and perceived risk, whose influencing mechanisms are significantly different between men and women.
  • 关键词:艾滋病 ; 性风险行为 ; 心理认知 ; 计划行为理论 ; 信息-动机-行为技能模型 ; HIV ; sexual risk behavior ; cognitive psychology ; the theory of planned behavior ; information –motivation-behavior skill model
  • 其他关键词:艾滋病 ; 性风险行为 ; 心理认知 ; 计划行为理论 ; 信息-动机-行为技能模型 ; HIV ; sexual risk behavior ; cognitive psychology ; the theory of planned behavior ; information –motivation-behavior skill model
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