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  • 标题:音乐对辨别力的影响 Effects of Music on the Recognition
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:王辉 ; 牛盾
  • 期刊名称:Advances in Psychology
  • 印刷版ISSN:2160-7273
  • 电子版ISSN:2160-7281
  • 出版年度:2011
  • 卷号:01
  • 期号:01
  • 页码:1-6
  • DOI:10.12677/ap.2011.11001
  • 出版社:Hans Publishers
  • 摘要:目的本实验探讨了情绪状态和先验概率对无意义数字串辨别的影响。方法由剪辑的3首轻音乐诱导产生愉快、中性和悲怆不同水平的情绪状态,采用信号检测论的方法进行分析。结果(1)情绪状态对个体感受性d’和主观判断标准β的影响均不显著;(2)先验概率对d’和β均无显著性影响。结论(1)个体作决策时倾向于依据个案具体信息而忽视统计信息;(2)音乐诱导情绪的效果与个体对音乐的理解程度有关,本实验并未发现音乐诱导范式的情绪效应。
  • 其他摘要:Purposes: The experiment explored how the emotional state and prior probability affected the recognition of meaningless number strings. Methods: 3 music experts aroused different emotional states, including pleasure, neutrality and sadness levels. The results were analyzed using Signal Detection Theory. Results: (1) The effects of emotional state on individual sensitivity d’ and subjective judgment criterion β were not significant; (2) Prior probability had no significant effect on individual sensitivity d’ and subjective judgment criterion β. Conclusions: (1) An individual made decisions according to objective information, ignoring statistic information; (2) The emotional effect was relevant to the understanding of the individual. Under this paradigm, no emotional effect was aroused by music.
  • 关键词:情绪状态 ; 信号检测论 ; 先验概率 Emotional State ; Signal Detection Theory ; Prior Probability
  • 其他关键词:情绪状态 ; 信号检测论 ; 先验概率 Emotional State ; Signal Detection Theory ; Prior Probability
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