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  • 标题:Rape and HIV as Methods of Waging War: Epidemiological Criminology’s Response
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Ishita Chowdhury ; Mark M. Lanier
  • 期刊名称:Advances in Applied Sociology
  • 印刷版ISSN:2165-4328
  • 电子版ISSN:2165-4336
  • 出版年度:2012
  • 卷号:2
  • 期号:1
  • 页码:47-52
  • DOI:10.4236/aasoci.2012.21006
  • 出版社:Scientific Research Publishing
  • 摘要:Rape is normally committed, examined and conceptualized as an act committed by an individual and is explained as an act of power and control over the victims. Rape is less often examined from the context of group behavior and as a function of group dynamics. In wartime, rape has historically been associated with “spoils of war” and rape has only recently been used a tactical weapon of war. One tactical objective of rape is to demoralize populations and a more sinister objective is to promote slow genocide when systematic rape is coupled with high rates of HIV infection such as is found in much of continental Africa. We provide an integrative theoretical response, Epidemiological Criminology, and specific policy suggestions to combat this crime.
  • 关键词:HIV; AIDS; Rape; War; Epidemiological Criminology; Genocide
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