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  • 标题:Social capital and suicide: an ecological study in Tokyo, Japan
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Masumi Okamoto ; Norito Kawakami ; Yoshifumi Kido
  • 期刊名称:Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
  • 印刷版ISSN:1342-078X
  • 电子版ISSN:1347-4715
  • 出版年度:2013
  • 卷号:18
  • 期号:4
  • 页码:306-312
  • DOI:10.1007/s12199-012-0321-7
  • 语种:English
  • 出版社:Springer Japan
  • 摘要:Objective

    The aim of this study is to clarify the association between area-based social capital and suicide rate among municipalities of Tokyo.

    Methods

    The study areas were 20 administrative municipalities of Tokyo. Social capital (i.e., organizational membership, social trust, fairness, helpfulness, and confidence in organizations) was measured based on data from a previous survey (response rate 28 %). Gender-specific age-adjusted suicide rates averaged over 5 years, sociodemographic, and other area characteristics were obtained from relevant national statistics. Multiple linear regression analysis of suicide rates was applied on each social capital variable, adjusting for the other area characteristics.

    Results

    There was no significant crude Pearson’s correlation between any social capital variable and suicide rate. Multiple regression analyses revealed a significant negative association between social trust and suicide rate for men ( p = 0.04).

    Conclusions

    While based on only limited evidence from a cross-sectional ecological study, area-based social trust may be associated with decreased suicide rates for men in Tokyo.

  • 关键词:Suicide ;Mental health ;Social capital ;Social trust ;Community
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