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  • 标题:Polymorphism of human erythrocyte C3b/C4b receptor
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:T R Dykman ; J L Cole ; K Iida
  • 期刊名称:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 印刷版ISSN:0027-8424
  • 电子版ISSN:1091-6490
  • 出版年度:1983
  • 卷号:80
  • 期号:6
  • 页码:1698-1702
  • DOI:10.1073/pnas.80.6.1698
  • 语种:English
  • 出版社:The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 摘要:The human erythrocyte receptor for the major activation fragments of the third and fourth components of complement (HuE-C3bR) was isolated from individual donors. Erythrocytes were surface labeled with 125I and solubilized in Nonidet P-40.HuE-C3bR was purified by using C3-Sepharose affinity chromatography and analyzed by autoradiography of NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gels. Three distinct receptor patterns were demonstrated. Type a had a single major band with Mr of 190,000, type b had a single major band with Mr of 220,000, and type c had two major bands of Mr 190,000 and 220,000. In all three types, a minor band accounting for less than 25% of the total radioactivity was usually observed at a Mr 15,000 greater than that of each major band. Identical autoradiographic patterns were obtained by affinity chromatography using methylamine-inactivated C4-Sepharose or by immunoprecipitation of solubilized membranes with a monoclonal antibody against HuE-C3bR. All three types were distinct after reduction and alkylation, although the apparent Mr uniformly increased by approximately equal to 30,000. Characterization of HuE-C3bR types in 33 unrelated individuals demonstrated that 23 had type a, 1 had type b, and 9 had type c. Family studies provide evidence for transmission by two codominant alleles. Thus, in the normal population two alleles appear to control expression of HuE-C3bR phenotypes and account for the polymorphism of this integral membrane glycoprotein.
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