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  • 标题:Changing Lifestyle and Prevalence of Malnutrition among Settled Pastoral Fulani Children in Southwest Nigeria
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Uwem F. Ekpo ; Akin M. Omotayo ; Morenike A. Dipeolu
  • 期刊名称:Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine
  • 印刷版ISSN:1232-1966
  • 电子版ISSN:1898-2263
  • 出版年度:2008
  • 卷号:15
  • 期号:02
  • 出版社:Institute of Agricultural Medicine in Lublin
  • 摘要:

    This paper reports the results of a cross-sectional study on the growth of Fulani
    children, aged 6 months–15 years, living in Kwara, Ogun and Oyo States, South
    western Nigeria. This population of Fulani are fully settled pastoralists whose economy
    and culture are now centred on cattle and farming. There is a dearth of information on
    the prevalence of malnutrition in this group. We measured the heights and weights of 164
    girls and 167 boys and determined their anthropometric indices, height-for-age (HA),
    weight-for-height (WH), and weight-for-age (WA) Z-scores. The prevalence of stunting
    (HAZ < -2), wasting (WHZ < -2) and underweight (WAZ < -2) was 38.7%, 13.6%, and
    38.7%, respectively, when compared to the reference NCHS WHO standard used for
    defi ning stunting, wasting and underweight. Boys were more malnourished than girls,
    but this was not statistically signifi cant (stunting: ÷2=0.36; df=1; p=0.54); (underweight:
    ÷2=1.10; df=1; p=0.29); and (wasting: ÷2=0.00; df=1; p=0.98) The mean of Z-scores of
    height-for-age, weight-for-age and weight-for-height in the study population were -1.502,
    -1.634 and -0.931, respectively. The SD was 1.52, 1.09 and 1.20, respectively. Using
    WHO Malnutrition Classifi cation systems, 38.7% of the children were found to be malnourished.
    It was concluded that malnutrition among children in this population could be
    linked to changing food habits and lifestyle from nomadic to sedentary livingx

  • 关键词:Malnutrition; changing lifestyle; nomads; sendentarization; pastoralist; Fulani children; Southwest Nigeriaȇ N5
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