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  • 标题:A cohort study of survival following discharge from hospital in rural Tanzanian children using linked data of admissions with community-based demographic surveillance
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Oscar Mukasa ; Honorati Masanja ; Don DeSavigny
  • 期刊名称:Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
  • 印刷版ISSN:1742-7622
  • 电子版ISSN:1742-7622
  • 出版年度:2021
  • 卷号:18
  • 期号:1
  • 页码:1-9
  • DOI:10.1186/s12982-021-00094-4
  • 出版社:BioMed Central
  • 摘要:To illustrate the public health potential of linking individual bedside data with community-based household data in a poor rural setting, we estimated excess pediatric mortality risk after discharge from St Francis Designated District Hospital in Ifakara, Tanzania. Linked data from demographic and clinical surveillance were used to describe post-discharge mortality and survival probability in children aged < 5 years, by age group and cause of admission. Cox regression models were developed to identify risk factors. Between March 2003 and March 2007, demographic surveillance included 28,910 children aged 0 to 5 years and among them 831 (3%) were admitted at least once to the district hospital. From all the children under the demographic surveillance 57,880 person years and 1381 deaths were observed in 24 months of follow up. Survivors of hospital discharge aged 0–5 years were almost two times more likely to die than children of the same age in the community who had not been admitted (RR = 1.9, P < 0.01, 95% CI 1.6, 2.4). Amongst children who had been admitted, mortality rate within a year was highest in infants (93 per 1000 person years) and amongst those admitted due to pneumonia and diarrhoea (97 and 85 per 1000 person years respectively). Those who lived 75 km or further from the district hospital, amongst children who were admitted and survived discharge from hospital, had a three times greater chance of dying within one year compared to those living within 25 km (adjusted HR 3.23, 95% CI 1.54,6.75). The probability of surviving the first 30 days post hospitalization was 94.4% [95% CI 94.4, 94.9], compared to 98.8% [95% CI 97.199.5] in non-hospitalized children of the same age in the commuity. This study illustrates the potential of linking health related data from facility and household levels. Our results suggest that families may need additional support post hospitalization.
  • 关键词:Demographic ; Clinical ; Household ; Mortality ; Children ; Cohort ; Hospital ; Admission ; Linked-data ; Survival
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