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  • 标题:Race/Ethnicity, Enrichment/Fortification, and Dietary Supplementation in the U.S. Population, NHANES 2009–2012
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Angela M. Malek ; Jill C. Newman ; Kelly J. Hunt
  • 期刊名称:Nutrients
  • 电子版ISSN:2072-6643
  • 出版年度:2019
  • 卷号:11
  • 期号:5
  • 页码:1005-1025
  • DOI:10.3390/nu11051005
  • 出版社:MDPI Publishing
  • 摘要:In the United States (U.S.), food fortification and/or enrichment and dietary supplement (DS) use impacts nutrient intakes. Our aim was to examine race/ethnicity and income (Poverty Income Ratio, PIR) differences in meeting the Dietary Reference Intakes based on estimated dietary intakes among the U.S. population age ≥2 years (n = 16,975). Two 24-hour recalls from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cycles 2009–2012 were used to estimate the intake of 15 nutrients as naturally occurring, enriched/fortified, and plus DSs. Across racial/ethnic groups and within PIR categories, significant differences were observed in the %< Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) for vitamin A following enrichment/fortification (E/F) and for vitamin B12 and riboflavin following both E/F and DS use when comparing non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics, and the other race/ethnicity group to non-Hispanic whites. The %
  • 关键词:dietary reference intake; socioeconomic status dietary reference intake ; socioeconomic status
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