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  • 标题:Maternal Body Mass Index and Breastfeeding Non-Initiation and Cessation: A Quantitative Review of the Literature
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Kyoko Nomura ; Sachiko Minamizono ; Kengo Nagashima
  • 期刊名称:Nutrients
  • 电子版ISSN:2072-6643
  • 出版年度:2020
  • 卷号:12
  • 期号:9
  • 页码:2684-2705
  • DOI:10.3390/nu12092684
  • 出版社:MDPI Publishing
  • 摘要:This study aims to investigate which maternal body mass index (BMI) categories are associated with the non-initiation or cessation of breastfeeding (BF) based on a quantitative review of the literature. We searched Ovid MEDLINE and EBSCO CINAHL for peer-reviewed articles published between 1946 (MEDLINE) or 1981 (CINAHL), and 2019. Selected studies were either cross-sectional or cohort studies, of healthy mothers and infants, that reported nutrition method (exclusive/full or any) and period (initiation/duration/cessation) of breastfeeding according to maternal BMI levels. Pairwise meta-analyses of 57 studies demonstrated that the pooled odds risks (OR) of not initiating BF among overweight and obese mothers compared to normal weight mothers were significant across 29 (OR 1.33, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.15–1.54, I2 = 98%) and 26 studies (OR 1.61, 95% CI, 1.33–1.95, I2 = 99%), respectively; the pooled risks for BF cessation were inconsistent in overweight and obese mothers with substantial heterogeneity. However, we found that overweight mothers (n = 10, hazard ratio (HR) 1.16, 95% CI, 1.07–1.25; I2 = 23%) and obese mothers (n = 7, HR 1.45, 95% CI: 1.27–1.65; I2 = 44%) were both associated with an increased risk of not continuing any BF and exclusive BF, respectively. Overweight and obese mothers may be at increased risk of not initiating or the cessation of breastfeeding.
  • 关键词:breastfeeding non-initiation/cessation; exclusive/any breastfeeding; maternal BMI; meta-analysis breastfeeding non-initiation/cessation ; exclusive/any breastfeeding ; maternal BMI ; meta-analysis
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