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  • 标题:Structurally Different Pectic Oligosaccharides Produced from Apple Pomace and Their Biological Activity In Vitro
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Agnieszka Wilkowska ; Adriana Nowak ; Aneta Antczak-Chrobot
  • 期刊名称:Foods
  • 电子版ISSN:2304-8158
  • 出版年度:2019
  • 卷号:8
  • 期号:9
  • 页码:365-386
  • DOI:10.3390/foods8090365
  • 出版社:MDPI Publishing
  • 摘要:This study set out to identify the composition and the biological activity of pectin-derived oligosaccharides (POS) generated from mild acid or enzymatic hydrolysis of apple pomace (AP). The effect of the polymerization of the structural units of POS contained in the AP hydrolysate on the growth and metabolism of microbiota from the human gastrointestinal tract and the adhesion of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) or pathogens to human gut epithelial cells was investigated in vitro. Mild acid hydrolysis followed by pectinolysis with Rohapect MaPlusT yielded the highest concentration of POS. In contrast, pure enzymatic processing of the AP performed with a mixed preparation of cellulase and Rohapect MaPlusT resulted in 1.8-fold lower overall POS. The concentration of higher-order oligosaccharides (degree of polymerization (DP) 7–10), however, was 1.7-fold higher. The increased ratio of higher-order oligosaccharides caused an increase in the bifidogenic effect, as well as affecting the amount and nature of short-chain fatty acid produced. Inhibition of Enterobacteriaceae was also observed. The strongest stimulation of LAB adhesion to the human epithelial cells occurred in the presence of the preparation containing the highest concentration of higher-order oligosaccharides. The fecal bacteria and pathogens showed much weaker adhesion to intestinal cells in the presence of all the tested AP hydrolysates. Both of the tested POS preparations, containing structurally different oligosaccharides (DPs 2–10 with different ratios of higher-order oligosaccharides), have the potential to be used as prebiotics for humans and animals. They stimulate bowel colonization with lactic acid bacteria and inhibit the development of infections caused by pathogens.
  • 关键词:pectin-derived oligosaccharides (POS); apple pomace; prebiotics; short chain fatty acid; simulation/inhibition of adhesion pectin-derived oligosaccharides (POS) ; apple pomace ; prebiotics ; short chain fatty acid ; simulation/inhibition of adhesion
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