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  • 标题:The Disputed Rational Nature of Utopias
  • 其他标题:Controversata componentă raţională a lumilor utopice
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:IULIANA SAVU ; IULIANA SAVU
  • 期刊名称:Acta Iassyensia Comparationis
  • 印刷版ISSN:1584-6628
  • 电子版ISSN:2285-3871
  • 出版年度:2008
  • 卷号:6
  • 期号:1
  • 页码:331-344
  • 语种:English
  • 出版社:Editura Universităţii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Iaşi
  • 摘要:Quite often, literary utopias are accused of having spread out the idea of a perfectly rational society, not only within the utopic genre, but also within the history of mankind. The author of the study attemps to prove that this current opinion bears little truth: the utopias of the Renaissance exhibit no despotism of the human reason, but the extreme discipline and the ascetic happiness of their worlds is frequently considered inhuman. Therefore, ruling by absolute reason becomes the favourite subject of mockery within Illuminist utopias, yet it is true that one must watch out of the subtle replacement of reason by automatism. Longly blamed for its absolutism, reason is in fact confiscated and exploited by despotic regimes, who use it both as major offer and perfect alibi, but fake its nature. Eventually, reason is fully compromised within the dystopic worlds, where it undergoes the ultimate corruption of its beauty and nobility. The fact is that, highly recited, reason is there almost absent, as well as the humanity of people.
  • 关键词:(the) utopic genre; utopia; dystopia; reason; rationalism; knowledge; prescribed social behaviour; mimesis; indoctrination; automatism
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