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  • 标题:Description of Maternal Smoking Status Before and After Pregnancy: A Longitudinal, Community-Based Cohort Study
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Katsuya Ueda ; Naomi Kitano ; Kohta Suzuki
  • 期刊名称:Journal of Epidemiology
  • 印刷版ISSN:0917-5040
  • 电子版ISSN:1349-9092
  • 出版年度:2020
  • 卷号:30
  • 期号:7
  • 页码:295-300
  • DOI:10.2188/jea.JE20180187
  • 出版社:Japan Epidemiological Association
  • 摘要:Background: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a major risk for adverse perinatal outcomes, as well as children’s health status. Thus, it is important to describe maternal smoking status during pregnancy and child-rearing to devise better intervention strategies. However, there have been no longitudinal studies to describe the status. Thus, in this study, we aimed to describe maternal smoking status during pregnancy and child-rearing based on population-based maternal and child health information. Moreover, we explored the factors associated with maternal smoking relapse after delivery. Methods: We performed a survey of 1,220 mothers in a Japanese rural area who responded to a questionnaire upon registration of their pregnancies. When their children received health checkups at 4, 18, and 36 months of age, maternal smoking status was also surveyed. We then performed multiple logistic regression analysis to explore factors associated with maternal smoking relapse after delivery. Results: Ultimately, the total number of mothers with data available for longitudinal analysis was 727 (59.6%). At the time of pregnancy registration, there were 74 current smokers (10.2%) and 176 former smokers (24.2%). Among them, 59 (33.5%) relapsed after delivery. Under 28 years of maternal age at pregnancy registration (OR 2.6; 95% CI, 1.2–5.4) was associated with maternal smoking relapse after delivery. Conclusions: Longitudinal analyses showed that about 60% of mothers who smoked before and after delivery failed smoking cessation. In addition, younger mothers were significantly likely to relapse smoking after delivery.
  • 关键词:maternal smoking;pregnancy;cessation;perinatal;community-based cohort study
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