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  • 标题:Improved electrochemical properties of LiNi0.91Co0.06Mn0.03O2 cathode material via Li-reactive coating with metal phosphates
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Kyoungmin Min ; Kwangjin Park ; Seong Yong Park
  • 期刊名称:Scientific Reports
  • 电子版ISSN:2045-2322
  • 出版年度:2017
  • 卷号:7
  • 期号:1
  • DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-07375-6
  • 语种:English
  • 出版社:Springer Nature
  • 摘要:Ni-rich layered oxides are promising cathode materials due to their high capacities. However, their synthesis process retains a large amount of Li residue on the surface, which is a main source of gas generation during operation of the battery. In this study, combined with simulation and experiment, we propose the optimal metal phosphate coating materials for removing residual Li from the surface of the Ni-rich layered oxide cathode material LiNi0.91Co0.06Mn0.03O2. First-principles-based screening process for 16 metal phosphates is performed to identify an ideal coating material that is highly reactive to Li2O. By constructing the phase diagram, we obtain the equilibrium phases from the reaction of coating materials and Li2O, based on a database using a DFT hybrid functional. Experimental verification for this approach is accomplished with Mn3(PO4)2, Co3(PO4)2, Fe3(PO4)2, and TiPO4. The Li-removing capabilities of these materials are comparable to the calculated results. In addition, electrochemical performances up to 50 charge/discharge cycles show that Mn-, Co-, Fe-phosphate materials are superior to an uncoated sample in terms of preventing capacity fading behavior, while TiPO4 shows poor initial capacity and rapid reduction of capacity during cycling. Finally, Li-containing equilibrium phases examined from XRD analysis are in agreement with the simulation results.
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