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  • 标题:A mouse homolog of the Escherichia coli recA and Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD51 genes
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:T Morita ; Y Yoshimura ; A Yamamoto
  • 期刊名称:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 印刷版ISSN:0027-8424
  • 电子版ISSN:1091-6490
  • 出版年度:1993
  • 卷号:90
  • 期号:14
  • 页码:6577-6580
  • DOI:10.1073/pnas.90.14.6577
  • 语种:English
  • 出版社:The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 摘要:Analysis of mitotic and meiotic recombination in mammalian cells has been hampered by the complexity of the reactions involved as well as lack of mutants. Furthermore, none of the genes involved in the process has yet been identified. In budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the RAD51 gene is essential along with other genes of the RAD52 epistasis group for mitotic and meiotic recombination and DNA repair. The Rad51 protein is structurally similar to Escherichia coli RecA protein, which is required in homologous recombination and SOS responses in bacteria. Here we report the isolation of a mouse homolog of the yeast RAD51 gene. The amino acid sequence predicted from the gene shows 83% and 55% homology with those of the yeast RAD51 and the E. coli recA product, respectively. The mouse gene complemented a rad51 mutation of S. cerevisiae with sensitivity to methyl-methanesulfonate, which produces double-strand breaks of DNA. This gene is expressed in the thymus, testis, ovary, spleen, and intestine, suggesting that its product is involved in mitotic and meiotic recombination in addition to DNA repair.
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