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  • 标题:Metabolism of apical versus basolateral sn-2-monoacylglycerol and fatty acids in rodent small intestine
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Judith Storch ; Yin Xiu Zhou ; William S. Lagakos
  • 期刊名称:JLR Papers In Press
  • 印刷版ISSN:0022-2275
  • 电子版ISSN:1539-7262
  • 出版年度:2008
  • 卷号:49
  • 期号:8
  • 页码:1762-1769
  • DOI:10.1194/jlr.M800116-JLR200
  • 语种:English
  • 出版社:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • 摘要:The metabolic fates of radiolabeled sn -2-monoacylglycerol (MG) and oleate (FA) in rat and mouse intestine, added in vivo to the apical (AP) surface in bile salt micelles, or to the basolateral (BL) surface via albumin-bound solution, were examined. Mucosal lipid products were quantified, and the results demonstrate a dramatic difference in the esterification patterns for both MG and FA, depending upon their site of entry into the enterocyte. For both lipids, the ratio of triacylglycerol to phospholipid (TG:PL) formed was approximately 10-fold higher for delivery at the AP relative to the BL surface. Further, a 3-fold higher level of FA oxidation was found for BL compared with AP substrate delivery. Incorporation of FA into individual PL species was also significantly different, with >2-fold greater incorporation into phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and a 3-fold decrease in the phosphatidylcholine:PE ratio for AP- compared with BL-added lipid. Overnight fasting increased the TG:PL incorporation ratio for both AP and BL lipid addition, suggesting that metabolic compartmentation is a physiologically regulated phenomenon. These results support the existence of separate pools of TG and glycerolipid intermediates in the intestinal epithelial cell, and underscore the importance of substrate trafficking in the regulation of enterocyte lipid metabolism.
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