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  • 标题:Familial cholesteryl ester transfer protein deficiency is associated with triglyceride-rich low density lipoproteins containing cholesteryl esters of probable intracellular origin.
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:C L Bisgaier ; M V Siebenkas ; M L Brown
  • 期刊名称:JLR Papers In Press
  • 印刷版ISSN:0022-2275
  • 电子版ISSN:1539-7262
  • 出版年度:1991
  • 卷号:32
  • 期号:1
  • 页码:21-33
  • 语种:English
  • 出版社:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • 摘要:The net transfer of core lipids between lipoproteins is facilitated by cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). We have recently documented CETP deficiency in a family with hyperalphalipoproteinemia, due to a CETP gene splicing defect. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the plasma lipoproteins within the low density lipoprotein (LDL) density range and also the cholesteryl ester fatty acid distribution amongst lipoproteins in CETP-deficient subjects. In CETP deficiency, the conventional LDL density range contained both an apoE-rich enlarged high density lipoprotein (HDL) (resembling HDLc), and also apoB-containing lipoproteins. Native gradient gel electrophoresis revealed clear speciation of LDL subclasses, including a distinct population larger in size than normal LDL. Anti-apoB affinity-purified LDL from the CETP-deficient subjects were shown to contain an elevated triglyceride to cholesteryl ester ratio, and also a high ratio of cholesteryl oleate to cholesteryl linoleate, compared to their own HDL or to LDL from normal subjects. Addition of purified CETP to CETP-deficient plasma results in equilibration of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesteryl esters with those of HDL. These data suggest that, in CETP-deficient humans, the cholesteryl esters of VLDL and its catabolic product, LDL, originate predominantly from intracellular acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT). The CETP plays a role in the normal formation of LDL, removing triglyceride and transferring LCAT-derived cholesteryl esters into LDL precursors.
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