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文章基本信息

  • 标题:Epidemiology of meningitis in Oman, 2000–2005
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:N. Dash ; S. Al Khusaiby ; T. Behlim
  • 期刊名称:Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal
  • 印刷版ISSN:1020-3397
  • 出版年度:2009
  • 卷号:15
  • 期号:6
  • 页码:1358-1364
  • 出版社:World Health Organization
  • 摘要:

    We reviewed the epidemiologic features and trends for 771 cases of meningitis in Oman from January 2000 to December 2005. We found 69% were bacterial in origin and 13% were viral. Leading bacterial pathogens included Haemophilus influenzae (15%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (14%) and Nesseria meningitidis (12%). For 56% of patients with suspected pyogenic meningitis, no specific bacterial pathogen could be identified. Peak occurrence was in children under 2 years old. The incidence of H. influenzae type b decreased by almost 100% after implementation of the national immunization programme in 2001, while the incidence of cases caused by S. pneumoniae and N. meningitidis remained steady.

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