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  • 标题:Design and Implementation of a Web-based Gis (in Response Phase) for Earthquake Disaster Management In Tehran City
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:M. Saydi ; Z.M.J. Valadan ; A. Mansourian
  • 期刊名称:ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
  • 印刷版ISSN:2194-9042
  • 电子版ISSN:2194-9050
  • 出版年度:2004
  • 卷号:XXXV Part B7
  • 页码:678-681
  • 出版社:Copernicus Publications
  • 摘要:Natural hazards (i.e. earthquakes, floods) become disaster when they strike the man-made environment. To effectively reduce the impact of every disaster, governments prepare a complete strategy, called disaster management. Availability of data such as: buildings, lifeline systems, roads, hospitals and etc, will help the managers to better decision-making. The majority of this data is spatial and can be mapped. So a Geographical Information System (GIS) can support disaster management as a powerful tool for collecting, storing, analysis, modeling and displaying large amount of data. Many organizations which involve in disaster management, require to access to the right data in the right time to make the right decisions. So designing a GIS to distribute geospatial information on a network such as Web, gives a chance to the managers of organizations to easy access to the information about disaster any time and any where they are. This paper outlines different steps of developing a Web-based GIS to manage and response to earthquake in a central district of Tehran as a case study. Lack of a model to estimate the size and extend of damages immediately after earthquakes is one of the major problems in developing such a system. In this research a Building Damage Estimation Model (BDEM) has been developed to optimize the response time and cost against earthquake disaster
  • 关键词:Earthquakes; Disaster; Management; GIS; Web based
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