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  • 标题:Exerting the Principle of Collective Guilt against the Transcarpathian Hungarians and Germans (Carrying into Effect the Decisions of the Military Council of the 4th Ukrainian Front in the Light of the NKVD1 Reports)
  • 作者:György Dupka
  • 期刊名称:Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies
  • 电子版ISSN:2068-7583
  • 出版年度:2015
  • 卷号:7
  • 期号:1
  • 页码:17-29
  • DOI:10.1515/auseur-2015-0002
  • 语种:English
  • 出版社:Walter de Gruyter GmbH
  • 摘要:In his paper, Gyorgy Dupka deals with the tragic fate of the Transcarpathian Hungarians and Germans deported for ‘a three-day labour’ in the period of 1944-1946. During the past twenty years, he succeeded in collecting and, in some measure, publicizing sufficient archival materials to open up the facts of the anomies committed by the Soviet military authorities in the fall of 1944 and at the beginning of 1945. All these facts are supported by cogent data and concrete names of the perpetrators. In his paper, the author shows primarily how in the light of the reports conceived by the NKVD and other Soviet central military administrations Order 0036 of the Military Council of the 4th Ukrainian Front was carried into effect.
  • 关键词:Transcarpathia ; 1944 ; the 4th Ukrainian Front ; NKVD ; collective guilt ; ‘malenkiy robot,’ Hungarians ; Germans ; Szolyva ; labour camps
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