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  • 标题:The Stress Check Program: a new national policy for monitoring and screening psychosocial stress in the workplace in Japan
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Norito Kawakami ; Akizumi Tsutsumi
  • 期刊名称:Journal of Occupational Health
  • 印刷版ISSN:1341-9145
  • 电子版ISSN:1348-9585
  • 出版年度:2016
  • 卷号:58
  • 期号:1
  • 页码:1-6
  • DOI:10.1539/joh.15-0001-ER
  • 出版社:Japan Society for Occupational Health
  • 摘要:Objectives: The Japanese government launched a new occupational health policy called the Stress Check Program. This program mandates that all workplaces with 50 or more employees conduct the Stress Check Program for workers at least once a year. This article gives a brief overview and critical review of the program. Methods: We reviewed relevant laws, guidelines, and manuals, as well as the policy development process. The policy and the components of the program were compared using available scientific evidence and trends in the management of psychosocial factors at work according to the policies and guidelines of international bodies and European countries. Results: The process of program policy development was based on a discussion among employer and employee representatives, occupational health professionals, and mental health experts. Scientific evidence shows that mandated components of the program (i.e., feedback of stress survey results and physician's interview) may be ineffective. However, additional components recommended to employers, such as stress management skill provision and work environment improvement, in conjunction with the program may be effective in improving psychosocial stress at work. The Stress Check Program is unique compared with the global trend for psychosocial risk management because it focuses on the assessment of stress among individual workers. Conclusion: The new program may be effective in improving worker mental health by facilitating the psychosocial risk management approach in Japan. Concerns regarding the program include mass leakage of collected information, and possible disadvantages for workers labeled as having high stress.(J Occup Health 2016; 58: 1–6)
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