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  • 标题:Nonequilibrium fluctuations as a distinctive feature of weak localization
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:C. Barone ; F. Romeo ; S. Pagano
  • 期刊名称:Scientific Reports
  • 电子版ISSN:2045-2322
  • 出版年度:2015
  • 卷号:5
  • DOI:10.1038/srep10705
  • 出版社:Springer Nature
  • 摘要:Two-dimensional materials, such as graphene, topological insulators, and two-dimensional electron gases, represent a technological playground to develop coherent electronics. In these systems, quantum interference effects, and in particular weak localization, are likely to occur. These coherence effects are usually characterized by well-defined features in dc electrical transport, such as a resistivity increase and negative magnetoresistance below a crossover temperature. Recently, it has been shown that in magnetic and superconducting compounds, undergoing a weak-localization transition, a specific low-frequency 1/f noise occurs. An interpretation in terms of nonequilibrium universal conductance fluctuations has been given. The universality of this unusual electric noise mechanism has been here verified by detailed voltage-spectral density investigations on ultrathin copper films. The reported experimental results validate the proposed theoretical framework, and also provide an alternative methodology to detect weak-localization effects by using electric noise spectroscopy.
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