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  • 标题:Epidemiologic Features and Prognostic Factors of Coronary Artery Lesions Associated With Kawasaki Disease Based on a 13-Year Cohort of Consecutive Cases Identified by Complete Enumeration Surveys in Wakayama, Japan
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  • 作者:Naomi Kitano ; Hiroyuki Suzuki ; Takashi Takeuchi
  • 期刊名称:Journal of Epidemiology
  • 印刷版ISSN:0917-5040
  • 电子版ISSN:1349-9092
  • 出版年度:2014
  • 卷号:24
  • 期号:5
  • 页码:427-434
  • DOI:10.2188/jea.JE20140018
  • 出版社:Japan Epidemiological Association
  • 摘要:Background: To clarify the contribution of patient age to the development of coronary artery lesions (CALs) associated with Kawasaki disease (KD), epidemiologic features and prognostic factors were investigated using hospital-based complete enumeration surveys in a specific area. Methods: Consecutive KD cases identified between October 1999 and September 2012 in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, were analyzed. The primary outcome measure was the presence/absence of CALs (giant aneurysm, mid- or small-sized aneurysm, and dilatation) on echocardiography 1 month after disease onset. Demographics and medical treatment factors were compared between the patients with and without CALs. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of explanatory variables (age, gender, and factors related to high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin treatment) for the development of CALs were determined. Results: The median age of the 1415 patients (796 males, 619 females) was 25 months after excluding 2 children of foreign residents; 2.2% of the patients had a past history of KD, and 1.8% showed incomplete presentation. CALs were observed in 3.3% (4.0% of males, 2.3% of females; P = 0.080). The ORs of CALs among patients <11 months old (3.0, 95% CI 1.4–6.6) and those >48 months old (3.1, 95% CI 1.5–6.6) were significantly higher than values in 11- to 48-month-olds. Conclusions: The effect of patient age on the development of CALs was found to be U-shaped, with the bottom at ages 11 to 48 months. This finding was based on a 13-year cohort of consecutive KD cases in a specific area with little selection bias and is consistent with previously reported results.
  • 关键词:coronary artery aneurysm;mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome;Kawasaki disease;epidemiology
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