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  • 标题:Multifactor leadership styles and new exposure to workplace bullying: a six-month prospective study
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Kanami TSUNO ; Norito KAWAKAMI
  • 期刊名称:Industrial Health
  • 印刷版ISSN:0019-8366
  • 电子版ISSN:1880-8026
  • 出版年度:2015
  • 卷号:53
  • 期号:2
  • 页码:139-151
  • DOI:10.2486/indhealth.2014-0152
  • 出版社:National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
  • 摘要:This study investigated the prospective association between supervisor leadership styles and workplace bullying. Altogether 404 civil servants from a local government in Japan completed baseline and follow-up surveys. The leadership variables and exposure to bullying were measured by Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire and Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised, respectively. The prevalence of workplace bullying was 14.8% at baseline and 15.1% at follow-up. Among respondents who did not experience bullying at baseline (n=216), those who worked under the supervisors as higher in passive laissez-faire leadership had a 4.3 times higher risk of new exposure to bullying. On the other hand, respondents whose supervisors with highly considerate of the individual had a 70% lower risk of new exposure to bullying. In the entire sample (n=317), passive laissez-faire leadership was significantly and positively associated, while charisma/inspiration, individual consideration, and contingent reward were negatively associated both after adjusting for demographic and occupational characteristics at baseline, life events during follow-up, and exposure to workplace bullying at baseline. Results indicated that passive laissez-faire and low individual consideration leadership style at baseline were strong predictors of new exposure to bullying and high individual consideration leadership of supervisors/managers could be a preventive factor against bullying.
  • 关键词:Aggression;Bullying at work;Cohort;Harassment;Longitudinal study;Management styles;Psychosocial work factor;Prevalence
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