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  • 标题:Effects of a Stress Management Program for Hospital Staffs on Their Coping Strategies and Interpersonal Behaviors
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Kumi HIROKAWA ; Toshiyo TANIGUCHI ; Masao TSUCHIYA
  • 期刊名称:Industrial Health
  • 印刷版ISSN:0019-8366
  • 电子版ISSN:1880-8026
  • 出版年度:2012
  • 卷号:50
  • 期号:6
  • 页码:487-498
  • DOI:10.2486/indhealth.MS1358
  • 出版社:National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
  • 摘要:The present study examined effects of a 3-h stress management program for Japanese hospital staffs that included relaxation and assertion training. Twenty-seven hospital staffs (mean age: 29.4 yr) in a stress management group and 28 hospital staffs (mean age: 29.5 yr) in a wait-list group answered evaluation surveys at both pre- and post-intervention. Self-administered questionnaires including items on job stress, coping strategies, and interpersonal behaviors were evaluated. The stress management program was given six different participant groups: 3 groups were the stress management group and 3 groups were the wait-list group. The program increased active coping and decreased dependent behavior scores significantly in the stress management group, while decreasing assertive behavior scores in the wait-list group. A comparison of the education sub-groups showed that the first group had significantly increased assertiveness and decreased dependency scores. The second group had significantly decreased depression-anxiety scores. The data analyzed for men and women separately showed the stress management intervention significantly improved active coping and assertive behavior in men and dependent behavior in women. A brief one-time stress management program can be effective in improving active coping and assertive behaviors as well as reducing dependent behavior in hospital staffs. Sex differences were noteworthy.
  • 关键词:Assertion;Interpersonal behavior;Intervention;Japanese hospital staffs;Relaxation;Stress management
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