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  • 标题:Homeostasis of the ER redox state subsequent to proteasome inhibition
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Yuki Oku ; Masahiro Kariya ; Takaaki Fujimura
  • 期刊名称:Scientific Reports
  • 电子版ISSN:2045-2322
  • 出版年度:2021
  • 卷号:11
  • DOI:10.1038/s41598-021-87944-y
  • 语种:English
  • 出版社:Springer Nature
  • 摘要:Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) maintains within, an oxidative redox state suitable for disulfide bond formation. We monitored the ER redox dynamics subsequent to proteasome inhibition using an ER redox probe ERroGFP S4. Proteasomal inhibition initially led to oxidation of the ER, but gradually the normal redox state was recovered that further led to a reductive state. These events were found to be concomitant with the increase in the both oxidized and reduced glutathione in the microsomal fraction, with a decrease of total intracellular glutathione. The ER reduction was suppressed by pretreatment of a glutathione synthesis inhibitor or by knockdown of ATF4, which induces glutathione-related genes. These results suggested cellular adaptation of ER redox homeostasis: (1) inhibition of proteasome led to accumulation of misfolded proteins and oxidative state in the ER, and (2) the oxidative ER was then reduced by ATF4 activation, followed by influx of glutathione into the ER.
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