首页    期刊浏览 2022年01月23日 星期日
登录注册

文章基本信息

  • 标题:Hitrost in razumljivost govora pri slušno prizadetih osnovnošolskih otrokih
  • 其他标题:A Study of Rate of Speech and Intelligibility of Speech in Hearing impaired Pupils of Baghcheban School of Zahedan, Iran
  • 本地全文:下载
  • 作者:Mahla SAEDI ; Fateme ALAVI ; Akram SHEKARIAN BEHZADI
  • 期刊名称:Acta Linguistica Asiatica
  • 印刷版ISSN:2232-3317
  • 出版年度:2013
  • 卷号:3
  • 期号:2
  • 页码:61-70
  • DOI:10.4312/ala.3.2.61-70
  • 语种:Slovenian
  • 出版社:Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakulte / Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts
  • 摘要:Izguba sluha ima za posledico motnje v koordinaciji mišic in struktur, ki sodelujejo pri tempiranju govora, kar posledično vpliva na usvajanje glasov govora. Cilj te študije je raziskati in primerjati hitrost in razumljivost govora pri slušno prizadetih in pri normalnih osnovnošolskih otrokih, katerih materinščina je perzijščina. 33 slušno prizadetih učencev je bilo na slepo in izbranih izmed treh skupin slušno prizadetih (globoko prizadetih, hudo prizadetih in lažje do hudo prizadetih), da bi jih primerjali s 60 slušno normalnimi otroki. Hitrost govora se je merila s številom besed na minuto (WPM), razumljivost pa s petstopnejsko lestvico. V skladu s pričakovanji so normalni otroci v primerjavi s slušno prizadetimi dosegli večje hitrosti pri govoru ter so bili bolj razumljivi. Prav tako so slušno prizadeti dečki dosegali boljše rezultate pri hitrosti in razumljivosti govora kot pa slušno prizadete deklice. Nasprotno pa so deklice z normalnim sluhom dečke prekašale v obojem. Koeficient P za lažje do hudo slušno prizadete ter za hudo slušno prizadete je bil 0.006, za globoko in lažje do hudo prizadete, 0.002, v obeh primerih < 0.05, torej statistično signifikanten. Globoko slušno prizadeti so brali besedilo počasneje in so bili bolj nerazumljivi kot ostali dve skupini slušno prizadetih.
  • 其他摘要:Hearing loss results in disruption of coordination in muscles and structures engaged in speech timing tasks and consequently acquisition of speech sounds is affected. The purpose of this study is to investigate and compare the speed and intelligibility of speech in hearing impaired and normal hearing Persian speaking elementary school boys and girls. 33 hearing impaired students are randomly selected from three hearing impaired groups (profound, severe and moderately-severe) and compared with 60 normal hearing students. The speed of speech was measured according to reading Words Per Minute (WPM), and speech intelligibility was tested by a 5-rank scale method. As expected, the normal hearing had more speed and intelligibility of speech in contrast to the hearing impaired group. Also hearing impaired boys had a better speed and intelligibility of speech compared to hearing impaired girls but in normal hearing group, girls had better speed. The amount of P-value for moderately-severe and sever hearing impaired was 0.006 and this amount for profound and moderately-severe hearing impaired was 0.002, so p-value is <0.05 and significantly important. Profound hearing impaired group read the text more slowly and had lower speech intelligibility than other two hearing impaired groups.
  • 关键词:hitrost govora; razumljivost govora; globoko slušno prizadeti; hudo slušno prizadeti; lažje do hudo slušno pizadeti; perzijščina
  • 其他关键词:speed of speech; speech intelligibility; profound hearing impaired; severe hearing impaired; moderately-severe hearing impaired, Persian
国家哲学社会科学文献中心版权所有